What is Tensegrity?

Tensegrity is an architecturally structural concept where axial stresses are broken down. It is a framework shaped by compressed elements (usually bars and straps) and tensioned elements (cables) and thus defines a new multi-polyherd or vertical position. The structure comprises of compressed elements. Structure of axial stress. This arrangement maintains a balance and retains its form.

Introduction to Biotensegrity

The term tensegrity was cited in 1993 as a conceptual model for the cell, which stresses how life organization can be viewed as a system of tensegrity. The living tissue can better handle mechanical stresses and distribute them across the whole body by arranging components in continuous tension/strain  Cellular cell biotensegrity permits the cell to feel its surroundings mechanically and translate mechanical signals into biochemical modifications.

Biotensegrity offers a theoretical interpretation of the social structure of the human body and describes how the body adapts to changes, as it is applied to the concepts of osteopathic medicine.

Over the next 3 decades the definition of biotensegrity was extended dramatically and today it is used to explain the genuine biotensegrity architecture of biological organisms, on genetic, biochemical, tissue, organ, and organ structures. Moreover, in a hierarchical organization or structures within systems, each “level” is closely connected with the next. The most extensively investigated biotensegrity field, under the leadership of Ingber, was undoubtedly at the cellular level.

Biotensegrity and Ingber

Ingber said that, although he was undergraduate, he was first exposed to the architecture of tensile architecture in 1975. Ingber was concerned about the models of tensegrity in his sculpture by using light microscopy to analyze the cell culture characteristics and the rapid deformation of cell cultures to a rounded ball Ingber became persuaded that cells act mechanically as systems of tensile stress and went on to research cellular tensegrity to explain his hypothesis.

In 1985—10 years after the idea of cellular tensegrity had been developed—Ingber introduced his hypothesis in a book co-authored by his mentor James D. Jamieson, Widely examined in the cell biology industry.

In recent decades, modern techniques of studying cellular dynamics have been developed. With these new approaches, Ingber and others have proven convinced that cells are consistent with the mechanical principles of tensegrity architecture. This cellular prestress enables the cell, in compliance with architectural concepts of tensegrity, to respond to changing external forces by transmitting forces through the cell. Under the tensegrity principle defined by biology, the structure thus formulated allows the reconstruction of the original shape, until the mechanical stress has deformed the same structure without destroying the tensegrant compounds. Elasticity, decomposition, mechanical transfer, and type restore are the main principles of the tensegrity model. Towards the end of the 1970s, the term biotensegri is used as a fractal organization that repeats itself, referring to the entire human organism the tensegretive organization of the cell.

Biotensegrity is more complex when organs or tissues or systems, such as the musculoskeletal system or the fascial system, are considered in order to describe movement dynamics.

Biotensegrity is an additional stage that not only facilitates the longevity and adaptation of the cells or form, but also helps it to shift, to explore, and to move by tensegrity concepts. There are three other main points: durability, stability, and function. Biotensegrity of soft elements (muscles, ligaments, tendons) and hard elements (bones, joints), such as the neck, the pelvis, and the spine, is connected to a prestressed pattern. This model is based on its strength on the existence of cellular mechanical transduction. In biologics, tensegrity is a theoretical viewpoint, as Ingberg writes, how cells can respond to mechanical deformations, activate biochemical responses and adapt and sustain cells.

In summary, the definition of cellular tensegrity and biotensegrity is based on the fact that all of the cell’s structures (from the epidermis up to the bone) are related. If the organisation is to try to understand how it represents the transmission of various mechanical tensions, it should be analyzed how the cell fits in with mechanical transduction, for it is important to know whether the tensegrity structural organization reflects the life-reality.